Objective: Malnutrition is a common complication in cancer patients that can adversely affect treatment outcomes and quality of life. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of malnutrition in inpatient cancer patients and evaluate the impact of nutritional support on their dietary intake.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 71 inpatient cancer patients. Nutritional status was assessed using the Subjective Global Assessment tool. Patients were divided into 2 groups based on whether or not they received nutritional support during their hospital stay. Dietary intake was assessed using a 24-hour dietary recall.

Results: The prevalence of malnutrition in our study population was 78.9%. Patients who did not receive nutritional support had a significantly lower intake of both protein and energy compared to those who did receive nutritional support (P < .001). The SGA score was significantly correlated with protein intake (r=0.342, P < .001) and energy intake (r=0.283, P < .001).

Conclusion: Our study highlights the high incidence of malnutrition in inpatient cancer patients, with almost 80% of patients experiencing malnutrition. Nutritional support was found to have a significant impact on dietary intake, with patients who received nutritional support having a higher intake of protein and energy. These findings emphasize the importance of nutritional screening and support for cancer patients, particularly those at higher risk of malnutrition. Further research is needed to determine the most effective strategies for providing nutritional support to cancer patients and improving their nutritional outcomes.

Keywords: Cancer, malnutrition, nutritional assessment

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