Clinical Science of Nutrition
Original Article

Cachexia and Pre-Cachexia in Cancer Patients


Department of Radiation Oncology, Ankara City Hospital, Ankara, Turkey

Clin Sci Nutr 2023; 5: 8-15
DOI: 10.5152/ClinSciNutr.2023.221138
Read: 74 Downloads: 42 Published: 01 April 2023

Objective: This study aimed to determine the stages of cachexia and existence of pre-cachexia in cancer patients using the parameters of the cachexia score.

Methods: The study included 333 cancer patients (males, 61.3%; mean age, 59.0 ± 13.2 years) who were followed at our clinic and received radiotherapy. The cachexia score of the patients was calculated, and their cachexia stages and pre-cachexia status were evaluated using the parameters of cachexia scoring system.

Results: According to the cachexia score of the patients, 30.9% had severe cachexia and 5.7% had terminal cachexia. The frequency of severe+terminal cachexia was the highest in gastric cancer (92.9%), followed by pancreas (57.1%) and lung (51.2%) cancers. Moreover, the frequency of severe+terminal cachexia was also the highest in the patients who received chemo thera py+ra dioth erapy +surg ery (44.2%).

Conclusion: Assessing cachexia in the early period and planning nutritional support as a part of treatment is essential. Patients with gastrointestinal or lung cancer need to be monitored for cachexia more closely.

Cite this article as: Habiboğlu R, Kayalı İF. Cachexia and pre-cachexia in cancer patients. Clin Sci Nutr. 2023;5(1):8-15.

EISSN 2667-6230