Objective: Malnutrition is a common problem in nursing home residents. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of malnutrition and to determine the factors independently associated with malnutrition in this setting.

Methods: A cross-sectional, multi-center study was conducted in 21 nursing homes in Turkey. Nutritional status was assessed using the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA). Data on possible associated factors were collected using validated scales.

Results: The study included 1224 residents; 45.7% of the residents were at risk for malnutrition and 23.4% were malnourished. Cognitive impairment, dependence in activities of daily living, and dysphagia were significantly associated with malnutrition.

Conclusion: Malnutrition is a prevalent problem in nursing homes in Turkey. Systematic screening and well-defined tailored interventions should be further developed and evaluated in nursing home residents.

Keywords: Malnutrition, nursing home, residents